2019遴选材料分析题:城市规划与治理

玛雅视讯平台

一,理论政策

城市发展是指城市在某一地区的地位和作用,其吸引力以及辐射的变化过程。这是满足城市人口日益增长的多层次需求的过程。包括扩大数量和质量。数量的增加体现在城市数量的增加和规模的扩大,即城市化水平的提高;城市功能的加强和现代化水平的提高体现了质量的提高。从空间角度看,城市发展是一种独特的定居形式,存在于一个国家或地区;从经济角度看,城市的第二和第三产业是整个地区和整个国民经济的重要组成部分。

(1)问题表现

1.“土地归化”比“人口城市化”更快

城市空间规划是不合理的。相邻城市之间的协调发展和城市规划问题。

3.城市发展存在一定的盲目性。片面追求经济增长和扩大城市规模,不论当地资源和环境的承载条件,提出超出人口,经济,城区等发展阶段的指标。一些大城市,特别是大城市,在中心地区过度集中,人口不断扩大,水资源短缺,交通拥堵和环境恶化。

4.城市规划和管理不合时宜。市政工程缺乏统筹规划和建设,综合管理能力滞后,影响城市经营效率。一些城市在“城中村”和“城市贫民窟”中存在问题。

5.农民工的就业和社会保障。城市农民工就业不稳定,流动性很强,农民工社会保障问题也很突出。

6.城市化的长期管理问题。

(2)原因分析

1.资源,环境和制度约束等客观原因

2.理解不充分和管理不善的主观原因。其中一个重要原因是城市化的基本内涵,主要形式和空间布局这三个基本问题仍缺乏全面的认识和有效的指导,这需要我们在今后的工作中予以关注。

(3)影响分析

1.有利于生产,方便生活,改善民生和福祉。

2.创建一个特色城市,提升城市竞争力。

3.提升综合国力,打造“中国城市”。

(4)提出对策

1.城市决策者认真计划。

2.城市管理者谨慎管理。

二,热点

案例1:云南河口投入2.7亿建设文化走廊,三年后耗资3亿元拆除

2011年2月“中国 - 东盟河口国际旅游文化景观走廊”建成三年后,云南省河口总投资已于5月23日开始,拆迁补偿金近3亿元。在其建设成本。

Located on the Honghe River embankment on the Sino-Vietnamese border, it is designed as a building landscape belt integrating business, culture, tourism and sightseeing. The landscape has been seriously affected by the shops along the river and has become a hot issue reflected by the masses. It has been opposed by many local officials, but it has been "didified by the government". After the completion of the project, the “integrated architectural landscape belt of commercial, cultural, tourism and sightseeing” was repeatedly promoted by the local media, and even was titled “Border Pearl”. However, in accordance with the requirements of the higher level “to build an estuary into an international riverside city”, Hekou County formulated《河口县开展口岸国门形象提升工程的实施方案》in 2013. The renovation project of the “Cultural Corridor” has become a key project in《方案》. According to the official, the “cultural corridor” will be transformed into urban public space and platform in the spirit of “returning the river to the people and returning to the people”. On May 23, 2014, Hekou County demolished 14 houses demolished in the first batch of agreements.

Case 2: Qingdao West Coast invests 100 billion yuan to build Qingdao “the city of the future”

xxQingdao Ocean Vitality Zone is located in the west of Binhai Avenue in the West Coast New District and on both sides of Century Avenue. It covers an area of 3 square kilometers and has a total construction area of 6.3 million square meters. It aims to build a modern and new central vitality zone with unique marine culture characteristics. In accordance with the concept of “openness, modernity, vitality and fashion”, we will focus on building a smart navigation pilot zone for marine innovation, a gathering area for international economic and trade cooperation institutions, a business core area for Northeast Asia shipping center, a regional financial trade innovation demonstration zone, and a modern coastal city. heart. Adhere to the high-point planning and leading, mainly with multi-ocean marine features landmarks and super-composite fashion corridors, vibrant corridors, green corridors, to build a cluster of creative ecological vitality space, forming a unique space art charm, rich marine cultural connotation An ecologically intelligent urban landmark area that reflects the perfect service function. To achieve high-tech industrial agglomeration, to aggregate global elements, and to use the theme of “marine economic cooperation platform”, and to focus on cultivating marine science and technology, marine information, marine trade, marine finance, and marine resources in accordance with the urban development model of “integration of urban production and wisdom can continue” And other headquarters service-oriented emerging economic industries, the introduction of more than 100 corporate headquarters, built Qingdao West Coast headquarters economic center gathering place. Implementing high-end ancillary services, gathering high-end service facilities such as business hotels, international commercial malls, future exhibition centers, marine expo centers, fashion sports centers, cultural and art centers, health and medical centers, etc. is committed to building Qingdao Ocean Energy District into a new era West Coast The core growth of urban development and the new business card of Qingdao International Metropolis. After completion, Qingdao Ocean Vitality Zone will become the driving heart and wisdom brain of Qingdao West Coast New District, providing innovative genetic and power sources for the West Coast New District. It will become a new space for Qingdao's urban development, a new landmark of the West Coast, and a fusion of modern production cities. New paradigm. In the near future, a “city of the future” will rise on the west coast!

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